仁爱英语八年级上册词组词汇(珍藏版).doc

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仁爱英语八年级全册知识点汇总 Unit 1 Topic 1 during the summer holidays 在暑假期间between…and…在两者之间 cheer sb. on 为某人加油prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事 quite a bit/a lot 很多plan to do sth. 计划做某事 go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足 arrive in/at=get to=reach 到达 play against…与……对抗/较量 for long 很久leave for…动身去… the day after tomorrow 后天places of interest 名胜 play baseball 打棒球 at least 至少 be good at=do well in 善于做某事 take part in 参加 all over the world 全世界 be good for 对……有益 a good way 一种好方法 keep fit/healthy保持健康 relax oneself 放松某人自己What a pity/ shame! 多可惜 Unit 1 Topic 2 do me a favor=give me a hand=help me帮助我 have a soccer game进行一场足球赛 fall ill /be ill 病倒了Would you mind (my)doing sth? (我)做…你介意吗? Would you mind (not)doing sth? 别做…你介意吗? right away = at once 立刻;马上 miss a good chance 错过一个好机会 get/miss a goal 得到/失去一分 shame on sb. 为某人感到羞耻 do one’s best 尽某人的力say sorry to sb. 对某人说抱歉 be sure to do sth. 确定做某事 be angry with sb. 生某人的气 with one’s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下serve food 上菜 turn up/down…调高/低(音量) keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事 in a minute 一分钟后;马上 on the phone 在电话中 be important to sb 对某人来说很重要 take/have a seat=sit down 就坐 never mind 不要紧love/enjoy doing sth. 喜爱/欢做某事 have a very exciting life 过着非常兴奋的生活 as well也throw…into…把……投进…… follow/obey the rules遵守规则 feel tired/be tired/look tired 感到疲劳 a 15-year- old boy 一个15岁的男孩 look fit and active显得健康和精力旺盛 instead of(doing)sth.替代…… have fun doing sth.=enjoy doing sth. 有极大的兴趣做某事ask sb. to do sth.叫某人做某事 make a plan for sb.为某人订一份计划 build up 增进;增强 do the homework做作业 Unit 1 Topic 3 make friends with…与……交朋友 quite a lot 相当多 be with 与…在一起be afraid 恐怕 be afraid of sth/doing sth be afraid to do sth害怕做某事 be free =have time有空 see you then 再见 for the first time 第一次 win the first gold medal赢得第一枚金牌 the winner of 的获胜者every four years 每四年;每隔三年a symbol of …一种……的象征 stand for 代表 do morning exercises做早操 at least 至少 Unit 2 Topic 1 have a (bad/terrible) cold 患(重)感冒 see a dentist/doctor 看牙医/医生 have a cough/fever 患咳嗽/发高烧have the flu 得了流感have sore eyes 眼睛发炎 take/have a (good) rest (好好)休息 had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做 take sb.to sw 带某人去… take/ have some medicine /pills 某人的帮助下吃药 have a sore throat 喉咙发炎 day and night 日日夜夜 lie down 躺下 hot tea with honey 加蜜的热茶 brush one’s teeth 刷牙have an accident 出了事故/意外send sb.to….送某人去…… nothing serious 没什么严重的check over 做…检查not…until…直到……才….. be sick=be ill 生病 plenty of…充足;大量 worry about sth.=be worried about...担心 get well 恢复健康 Unit 2 Topic 2 look tired 看起来很累 stay up 熬夜 feel better/well 感觉更好 / 好 feel sleepy 犯困 keep long fingernails 留长指甲 wash hands before meals 饭前洗手 play sports right after meals 饭后就运动 take a fresh breath 呼吸新鲜空气 ask sb to do sth. 叫某人做某事 give up doing sth 放弃做某事 in the sun 在阳光下 do morning exercises做早操 be necessary for…对于……来说是必不可少的 throw litter about乱扔垃圾keep you active使你保持活力during the day=in the daytime 在白天 get up early/late早起/迟起get enough sleep得到足够睡眠exercise on an empty stomach = exercise without eating anything 空腹锻炼 need sth 需要某物need to do sth 需要做某事 get into 进入become sick 生病fight germs 抗击病菌keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新 eat bad food 吃变质食物sweep the floors打扫地板 as we know 众所周知 have the right kinds of food 吃正确种类的(健康的)食品choose the wrong food 选择错误的(不健康的)食品 in different ways 用不同的方法make us sick 使我们生病be necessary for sb.to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是必不可少的 Unit 2 Topic 3 in the kitchen 在厨房 talk with 与……交谈 hurry up 赶紧/快 go ahead=go on 继续 spread easily 易传播do exercise/sports 做运动 go to crowded places去拥挤的地方agree with sb同意某人do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事do some cleaning 打扫all the time=always总是/一直 keep away from animals 远离动物just a moment 稍后be busy doing sth.忙着做某事 examine the patients 检查病人 ring sb up/ phone sb/ call sb 打电话给某人 call back 回电话get through 打通leave a message 留口信give sb the message 给某人带口信 take a message 捎口信tell sb sth. 告诉某人某事 tell/ask sb.to do sth 叫某人做某事 take an active part in积极参加care for patients照顾病人 take care of…= look after / care for 照顾…… save the patients 挽救病人 It’s one’s duty to do sth.做某事是某人的职责 What do you think of…你认为…怎么样? Long time no see 好久不见 teach oneself=learn by oneself 自学 let sb.out 让某人出去help sb.(to) do sth 帮助做某事enjoy oneself=have a good time=have fun 过得愉快 tell sb.a story/stories给某人讲故事say to sb. 对某人说play sports 做运动take some Chinese medicine 吃些中药Review of Units 1--2 break the window 打破窗户(玻璃)get lost 丢失;迷路on one’s way (to) 在….的路上take the wrong bus 搭错车one of the most popular sports 最受欢迎的运动之一 a group of people 一群人 form an international organization 成立一个国际组织 put sth in low places 把某物放在低处 eat sth by mistake 误吃by mistake 错误地 put…away把…收起来ask for three days’ leave请三天的假Unit 3 Topic 1 love/enjoy/like/prefer doing sth. 喜欢做某事 Prefer sth...to sth...比起...更喜欢... Prefer doing sth...to doing sth...比起做...更喜欢做... be fond of doing sth. 喜欢做某事 be interested in doing sth. 对……感兴趣 have fun doing sth. 做某事有乐趣 be pleased / nice /glad to do sth. 很高兴做某事 be pleased with ...对...感到满意 learn a lot about 学很多关于...learn sth.from从….学到... used to do sth.过去常做某事 used to listen to music 过去常听音乐 listen to sb. /sth.听某人说report sth. to sb.向某人汇报pop/rock music流行乐 /摇滚乐read novels 看小说 all the time 一直know little about …知道一点有关 Let’s be/become friends让我们成为朋友 make friends交朋友go fishing 去钓鱼 in one’s spare /free time 在某人业余时间 go to the movie theater a lot经常去看电影 It’s great fun. 很有趣 play sports=do sports 做运动 go out 出去go out to do sth.出去做…… go out for…为……出去go out for a walk出去散步 do some outdoor activities 做一些户外运动 Sounds good/great听起来很好need/make a change做改变in front of 在……的前面(在某个范围外的前面) in the front of在……的前部(在某个范围内的前面) teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事 teach oneself 自学such as+并列的n.+(and so on) “例如,像” for example,+一个句子“例如”keep pets 养宠物 daily/everyday work 日常工作/生活 take a bath =have a bath 洗澡 take sb. out for a walk 带某人出去散步 Unit 3 Topic 2 at the concert在音乐会上give the concert 举行音乐会go on =continue 继续 go on doing sth.=continue doing sth. 继续做某事 lend sb. sth.=lend sth.to sb.把某物借给某人 borrow sth. from sb. =borrow sb. sth. 向某人借某物 play the piano /guitar/violin/drum弹钢琴/弹吉他musical instruments音乐器械an artist艺术家hiphop嬉蹦乐folk dance 民间的舞蹈classical music 古典音乐 folk music民间音乐pop music流行音乐rock music摇滚音乐country music 乡村音乐,jazz 爵士乐folk song 民歌 sb.spend…(in) doing sth.某人花费(时间)做某事 sb.spend…on sth. 某人在某事上花(金钱或时间等) sth. costs sb. some money . 某物花某人金钱 sb. pays some money for sth某人在某物花金钱 It takes (sb.) some time to do sth.某人花金钱做某事 be famous for 因……而著名be famous as作为...而著名one of the +形容词最高级+可名复. 最……之一 look for 寻找look after/ look like /look up/ look the same set up=form=build 建立,创立 form a band=set up a band 组建乐队 close friends亲密的朋友 Unit 3 Topic 3 Hold the line=hold on = just/wait a moment请稍后 call sb.=ring sb. up 打电话answer the phone 回/接电话take a shower=take / have a bath 洗澡 do some washing/cleaning/reading/shopping 洗/做卫生/读书/购物 at this time yesterday 昨天的这个时候 give a report 做报告just so-so 还可以 agree with sb 同意某人nothing serious没什么严重的事be angry with sb. 对某人生气make faces 做鬼脸 make sb/sth.+adj make sb.do sth. 让/迫使某人做某事give sb.the lesson 给某人上课 give/teach sb.a lesson 给某人一个教训knock at/on 敲... in the early/ late 1800s 在19世纪初 / 晚期 stop doing sth. 停止做某事stop to do sth.停下来去做某事the beginning of... 的开始 have a two-day weekend 有一个两天的周末 too … to 太…..以至于不能…… do the dishes=wash the dishes洗餐具 Unit 4 Topic 1 think about=think of 考虑,思考think of 记起,想到,认为think over=think out仔细考虑,想出 in the countryside 在乡村enjoy nature 享受自然 give sb. joy 给某人快乐share sth. with sb. 与……分享feed on 以……为食(指动物)live on以……为食(指人类) cover…with…用…覆盖the earth’s surface 在地球的表面(Thousands and) thousands of 成千上万 in the rainforests 在雨林 make the air fresher and cleaner使空气更清新 be necessary for 对……..很有必要plenty of 大量need water to drink, to cook and to clean 需要喝的,煮的和洗的水 In fact 事实上make up 组成,化装,和解 most parts of the earth地球的大部分 be important to 对…….很重要living things生物 save every drop of water节约每一滴水 do something useful to protect rainforests 做些有用的事来保护雨林 Unit 4 Topic 2 be sure (that)+句子... be sure to do sth…确信做 be sure of/about+名词... 确信 be not sure if/ whether..不敢确信是否…… take the place of =instead of 代替 in danger处在危险状态lose one’s job 失业 be good for 对……有好处be good at..擅长... be bad for对……有害get information 获得信息mistake...for...把…….错当成…… seem to do...似乎,好象It seemed/seems that+句子call for寻求,需要,号召,提倡wake sb. up 把……叫醒 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正做……. see sb. do sth.看见某人常做…… be listed 被列出in order 按顺序排列 look up查找look up a word in the dictionary在字典里查词pay attention to注意begin/start with以…开始use...for doing sth. 用……做某事have a try 试一试download useful information下载有用的信息 write to sb.=write a letter to sb. 写信给某人 turn on 打开turn off关上 turn up调大 turn down调小ask sb.for help=call sb. for help=turn to sb... 请求帮助Unit 4 Topic 3 more than=over 超过,……多 make the traffic heavier 使交通更拥挤 wear out 磨损,用坏be worn out 被损坏 do/try one’s best to protect…尽力去保护 one of the greatest wonders of the world 世界上最伟大的奇迹之一 order sb to do sth. 命令某人做某事 It takes sb. time to do sth. 某人花费时间做某事 be made up of 由…组成join sth. together 把…连接在一起regard…as….把……看做...a (the) symbol of….…….的象征at the same time 同时 have a better future有一个美好的未来 Unit 5 Topic 1 How are you doing?=How are you?你好吗? want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 say thanks/hello/goodbye to sb.对……说谢谢/你好/再见look happy /tired看起来很开心/累smiling faces满脸笑容one of my favorite我最喜爱的……之一 be /feel disappointed /proud/ lonely感到失望/自豪/孤独a ticket to...一张…的票wish/hope to do sth.希望做某事wish/hope+that... wish sb.to do sth . set a table for...为……摆放餐具have a temperature=have a fever 发烧 be able to do sth. 能做某事sound worried 听起来焦急care for= look after=take care of 照顾 become angry =be angry生气cheer up 使……振作 at first 起初play the role of扮演……角色be on上演,放映be with 在一起on the night of 在……的夜晚fall into 落入in the end=at last=finally 最后 go mad 发疯 come into being 形成,诞生be popular with... 受……喜爱make peace 制造和平 Unit 5 Topic 2 do badly/well in 在……方面差/好 have a talk with sb. = talk with sb.与某人谈话 be strict with sb.…对某人严格要求 be strict about sth.…对某事严格要求be patient with 对……耐心explain …t o向……解释over and over again 反复地be pleased with/ about / at sb.对某人感到满意 be bored with 对……感到讨厌be tired of 对……感到疲惫be mad at对……感到气愤be glad about对……感到高兴 be angry with sb. 因某人而生气 be angry at / about sth. 因某事而生气 be anxious about / at sth.对某事感到焦急 wait in line排队等候pass the exam 通过考试 get/ask/tell sb. to do sth使(让,叫)某人做某事 let/ make/ have sb. do sth.使(让,叫)某人做某事because of (doing) sth因为at one’s age 在某人的年龄时eat less high-energy food少吃高能量的品calm down冷静have bad experiences有不好的经历It is said that.据说... in one’s teens在某人十几岁时happen to sb发生在某人身上give sb a hand 帮助某人=do sb.a favor get/be used to (doing)sth 习惯于做某事 be/make friends with 与……交朋友 join in =take part in=be in参加(活动) give best wishes to sb.向某人致以最美好的祝愿 deal with=do with处理,处置all the time 一直 fail to pass an exam=fail an exam考试不及格refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事argue with sb与某人争吵have a normal life过正常的生活 Unit 5 Topic 3 be sorry about 对……感到难过 be afraid of (doing) sth / be afraid to do sth./ be afraid that……害怕……担心……I’m afraid……恐怕at the end of在……最后,在……尽头(末端) Take it easy.= Don’t worry.别紧张,别着急 take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事help sb.do sth. help sb.with sth.帮助某人复习/学习 What/How about (doing) sth.…怎么样 instead of (doing)sth.=in place of代替(做)某事 take good care of yourself好好照顾自己 come back to返回advise sb.to do sth.建议某人做某事advice是不可数名词a piece of advice 一个建议 be happy for…因……而开心be bad/ good for对…有害\益(be) in a good/bad mood处在好/ 糟糕心情中 in good health 健康状况良好try to do sth. 设法做某事smile at life 笑对生活 give a surprise to sb.=give sb. a surprise给某人一个惊喜put on 上演,放映put on a short play上演一出短剧 at the English corner 英语角prepare for 为…准备 on the way to+ 名词;在……路上 on the /his/one’s way to school. 在他上学的路上 give a speech=give speeches 做演讲in front of 在……前面make sb happy使某人开心make sb.feel sad使...感到悲伤on Mid-autumn Festival 在中秋节the full moon 满月 in the sky 在天空get together with sb. 与某人聚在一起feel lonely感到寂寞/孤独be full of 装满,充满 fill…with…用把装满,be filled with….被装满 change one’s feelings 改变某人的感受fall asleep 入睡some day 总有一天affect one’s moods 影响某人情绪have unhappy thoughts产生不开心的念头try out 试用 try on 试穿be in a good mood 处在一个好心情中 do in good spirits处在良好的精神状态中做某事 take time to do sth 花时间做某事 remember to do sth 记住去做某事 remember doing sth.记住做过了某事 talk with/to sb与某人谈话tell sb. about sth告诉某人某事get help from sb 从某人那得到帮助 make important decisions制定重要的决定 think over仔细考虑get back to sth. 恢复到…… be late for (doing) sth. 做……迟了 get along / on (good)with 与……相处(好) had better do sth.最好做had better not do sth最好不做decide to do sth. decide on sth. 决定做某事 Unit 6 Topic 1 go on a spring trip= go on a field trip去郊游 go on a visit to sw.去什么地方参观/旅游 go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai泰山两日游 make the decision做决定 decide on/upon sth.决定 The best way to get there .到达那的最好方式 The best time to get there 到达那的最佳时间 find out找出,查明some information一些信息 the cost to go by …=the cost by…乘……的费用 ask the airline问航空公司on the phone打电话 bring back…to…带回...到... book tickets订票 I’d like to do…I would like to do=I’d love to do…我想做…… book a room for sb./sth.为某人/某物订房间 硬卧 the hard sleeper软卧 the soft sleeper make a reservation预定 20 tickets for the hard sleeper = 20 hard sleeper train tickets 20张硬卧票 a room with two single beds 双人间 a room with a single bed单人间 a standard room一间标准房 work out算出 total cost/price总价格raise money筹款 come up with想出,产生,赶上 the ways to raise money筹钱的途径at noon 在中午at the school gate在校门口 many interesting places=many places of interest 许多名胜古迹right now=at once立刻,马上 look forward to (doing) sth期望做某事 Unit 6 Topic 2 hear from sb=receive one’s letter 收到某人的来信 at the foot of在...脚下have/take a rest 休息 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 look at 看一看,瞧look at the night scene 看夜景have a wonderful/good/nice/great/time = enjoy oneself = have fun 玩得高兴get to =arrive in/at = reach 到达the sea of clouds云海in the daytime =in the day在白天have a big dinner吃大餐a local restaurant一家当地的餐馆be busy doing sth.忙于做某事be on vacation.在度假You bet.=Yes , of course.的确,当然 after, in, later 在...之后 ①in + 一段时间(用于一般将来时) ②after + 一段时间(用于一般过去时)=时间 + later ③after + 一点时间(常用于一般将来时) forty minutes later在40分之后 look forward to (doing) sth.期望做某事spread over 蔓延40 km2=40 square kilometers the beginning of ……的开端 on both sides of在…的两边in the old days在过去,在古代 start doing sth.=begin to do sth开始做某make sure确信one and a half hours=one hour and a half 一个半小时two and a half hours两个半小时by the way 顺便问一下tell sth. from sth.从... 中辨别the
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